Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Prevent Cancer: Diet

The actual consensus on diet and cancer is that obesity boosts the risk of developing cancer. Particular dietary practices often clarify differences in cancer incidence in various countries (e. g. gastric cancer is more prevalent in Japan, while colon cancer is more common in the usa. In this example the previous consideration of Haplogroups are omitted).

Studies have shown that immigrants develop the danger of their new country, frequently within one generation, suggesting a considerable link between diet and most cancers. Whether reducing obesity in the population also reduces cancer occurrence is unknown.

Despite frequent reports of specific substances (including foods) using a beneficial or detrimental effect upon cancer risk, few of these come with an established link to cancer. These reports in many cases are based on studies in cultured cellular media or animals.

Public health recommendations cannot be made based on these studies until they happen to be validated in an observational (or even occasionally a prospective interventional) test in humans.

Proposed dietary surgery for primary cancer risk decrease generally gain support from epidemiological organization studies. Examples of such studies consist of reports that reduced meat consumption is related to decreased risk of colon most cancers, and reports that consumption of coffee is of a reduced risk of liver most cancers.

Studies have linked consumption of grilled meat for an increased risk of stomach most cancers, colon cancer, breast cancer, as well as pancreatic cancer, a phenomenon which could be because of the presence of carcinogens such because benzopyrene in foods cooked from high temperatures.

A 2005 secondary prevention research showed that consumption of a plant-based lifestyle and diet changes resulted in a decrease in cancer markers in several men with prostate cancer have been using no conventional treatments at that time.

These results were amplified with a 2006 study in which more than 2, 400 women were analyzed, half randomly assigned to an ordinary diet, the other half assigned to some diet containing less than 20% energy. The women on the low-fat diet were found to possess a markedly lower risk of breasts cancer recurrence, in the meanwhile report of December, 2006.

Recent studies also have demonstrated potential links between some types of cancer and high consumption of refined sugars along with other simple carbohydrates. Although the level of correlation and the degree of causality continues to be debated, some organizations have in truth begun to recommend reducing consumption of refined sugars and starches included in their cancer prevention regimens.

Within November 2007, the American Start for Cancer Research (AICR), with the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), released ''a Global Perspective'', "the most up to date and comprehensive analysis of the actual literature on diet, physical exercise and cancer". The WCRF/AICR Expert Report listings 10 recommendations that people can follow in lowering their risk of developing most cancers, including the following dietary recommendations: (1) reducing consumption of foods and drinks which promote weight gain, namely energy-dense meals and sugary drinks, (two) eating mostly foods associated with plant origin, (3) restricting intake of red meat as well as avoiding processed meat, (4) limiting use of alcoholic beverages, and (5) decreasing intake of salt and staying away from mouldy cereals (grains) or even pulses (legumes).

A few mushrooms offer an anti-cancer impact, which is thought to be associated with their ability to up-regulate the defense mechanisms. Some mushrooms known for this particular effect include, Reishi, ''Agaricus blazei'', Maitake, [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12126464 and ''Trametes versicolor'' Research suggests the compounds in medicinal mushrooms most responsible for up-regulating the immune system and providing an anti-cancer effect, are a diverse collection of polysaccharide compounds, particularly beta-glucans. Beta-glucans are known as "biological response modifiers", and their ability to activate the immune system is well documented. Specifically, beta-glucans stimulate the innate branch of the immune system. Research has shown beta-glucans have the ability to stimulate macrophage, NK cells, T cells, and immune system cytokines. The mechanisms in which beta-glucans stimulate the immune system is only partially understood. One mechanism in which beta-glucans are able to activate the immune system, is by interacting with the Macrophage-1 antigen (CD18) receptor on immune cells..